ساخت و هنجاریابی پرسش‌نامۀ افزایش خلاقیت زبان‌آموزان در آموزش زبان به شیوۀ کاربردمحور، با روش مدل‌سازی رش

نوع مقاله: مقالات علمی‌پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

با توجه به اصول زیربنایی و ملاحظات نظریۀ آموزش زبان انگلیسی کاربردمحور که به آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی در کنار آموزش تخصصی زبان تأکید دارد و همچنین لزوم بررسی نکات ارائه‌شده در این نظریة نوپا، ساخت و استفاده عملی از پرسش‌نامه‌هایی که به یافتن داده‌هایی در راستای اهداف این نظریه می‌پردازند ضروری به نظر می‌رسد. در راستای اصول نظریۀ آموزش زبان کاربردمحور، بررسی روش‌های افزایش مهارت‌های زندگی مانند خلاقیت، نکتۀ اصلی پرسش‌نامة پیشِ روست. این پژوهش به ساخت و هنجاریابی پرسش‌نامة خلاقیت پرداخته است که میزان تأثیرگذاری کتاب‌های آموزش زبان در افزایش این مؤلفه را بررسی می‌کند. پرسش‌نامۀ خلاقیت با 45 سؤال بعد از بررسی و مطالعۀ اصول دیگر مدل‌های مربوط در روان‌شناسی طراحی و بر روی 164 معلم زبان مؤسسات آموزشی آزمایش شد. بررسی نتایج به‌دست‌آمده توسط مدل‌سازی رش، سؤالاتی را که دارای MNSQ بالاتر از ۴۰/۱ بودند را فاقد خصوصیت یک‌بعدی تشخیص داده که لازم است حذف شده یا تغییر یابند. در نتیجه مشخص شد که این پرسش‌نامه پس از تغییر چند سؤال، به‌عنوان مدلی تک‌وجهی هم میزان روایی بالایی داشته و هم دارای طیف لیکرت شش‌گزینه‌ای صحیح است. در پایان به کاربرد این پرسش‌نامه و نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش در دیگر زمینه‌های آموزش زبان اشاره شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Development and Validation of a Creativity-Enhancing Scale for Language Learners in Language Education through Applied ELT by Rasch Rating Scale Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Safoora Navari
  • Reza Pishghadam
  • Azar Hosseini Fatemi
  • Mohammad Reza Hashemi
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Abstract
The present study sought to implement the idea of ELT for life among language education practitioners by challenging and materializing the notion of Applied ELT. In so doing, constructing some novel scales seemed inevitable. Highlighting the premises of Life Syllabus, this study devised and validated a TPCS-ELLTs (Teachers’ Perceptions of Creativity Scale for English Language Learning Textbooks) with 45 items to evaluate the current English language textbooks regarding the level they increase the creativity of language learners. The TPCS-ELLTs was validated through statistical procedures like Rasch rating model and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) which at last provided a model with a 6-point Likert scale. This scale was administered to a group of 164 EFL teachers at private language institutes. After more investigation, it was clear through Rasch model that, those items having infit MNSQ greater than 1.4 deviate from the expected model and degrade the analysis. Therefore, after changing some items, it was concluded that this scale as a unidimensional model, contains a high reliability and also a correct 6-point Likert. In other words, this scale is a precise measurement of the construct and therefore well-targeted for the sample. Furthermore, some recommendations regarding the implication and conclusions of this study in other fields of language teaching have been pointed out.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

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