نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

زمان مفهومی پیچیده است که در هر فرهنگ و جامعه‌ای معنای خاصی به خود گرفته است. نگاه افراد جامعه نسبت به زمان آن‌قدر اهمیت دارد که برخی دیدگاه مردم جامعه نسبت به زمان را معرف نوع فرهنگ آن جامعه تلقی می‌کنند.در این مقاله برآنیم تا با استفاده از روش کیفی دیدگاه مدرسان و فراگیران زبان انگلیسی در مورد نقش زمان در نظام آموزشی ایران و همچنین در فرهنگ روزمرۀ ایرانی را بسنجیم. بدین منظور با 8 مدرس زبان انگلیسی و 10 زبان‌آموز مصاحبه صورت گرفت. از تحلیل مصاحبه‌ها چند موضوع استخراج شد که عبارتند از: رویکرد منفعلانه نسبت به زمان در فرهنگ روزمره، عدم توجه کافی به زمان در نظام آموزشی ایران، درصد بالای هدر رفتن زمان در کلاس‌های زبان، حق تأخیر بر اساس نوع رابطۀ اجتماعی، زندگی در زمان آینده و عدم تأثیرپذیری از فرهنگ انگلیسی در وقت‌شناسی. در پایان، راهکارهایی برای توجه بیشتر به نقش زمان در سطح آموزشی و فرهنگی ارائه شد.

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