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سپیده میرزائی پرویز مفتون پرویز بیرجندی

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر بر آن است تا ارتباط بین یکی از جنبه‌های اصلی نظریه اجتماعی‌فرهنگی ویگوتسکی (1978)، یعنی واگویه را، با استدلال منطقی و دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان ایرانی بررسی کند. این ارتباط مبتنی بر تعاملی پویا بین قدرت استدلال منطقی و واگویة دانشجویان وهمچنین ارتباط هریک از این ساختارها با دستاورد زبانی آن‌هاست. برای دستیابی به هدف پژوهش، 200 دانشجوی زبان انگلیسی از دانشگاه‌های مختلف ایران پرسش‌نامه‌هایی را تکمیل کردند. از شرکت‌کنندگان خواسته شد سه بخش از فعالیت‌ها (استنباط، استنتاج و ارزشیابی استدلال‌های منطقی) را از پرسش‌نامه «ارزیابی تفکر انتقادی واتسون گلیزر»ش (2010) انجام دهند. علاوه بر این، از آن‌ها خواسته شد به پرسش‌نامة «واگویه» طراحی‌شده توسط سیگریست (1995) پاسخ دهند. برای بررسی دستاورد زبانی، از شرکت‌کنندگان خواسته شد معدل خود را ذکر کنند. مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری برای تحلیل مدل براساس داده‌ها انجام شد. برای تعیین ناپیوستگی‌های شناساییشده در مدل، هر مسیر که نمایانگر روابط علی و معلولی است به‌طور مجزا بررسی شد. داده‌ها، پیش‌بینی‌های نظری در مورد رابطه بین استدلال منطقی و واگویة دانشجویان را تأیید می‌کنند. به‌علاوه، تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که واگویه دانشجویان با سه زیرمجموعة استدلال منطقی همبستگی مثبت و قدرت پیش‌بینی خوبی برای آن‌ها دارد. علاوه بر این، سه مؤلفة استدلال منطقی به شکل مؤثر و مثبتی میزان دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان ایرانی را پیش‌بینی می‌کنند. در نهایت می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که واگویه می‌تواند همبستگی غیرمستقیم و مثبتی با دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان داشته باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

استنتاج, ارزشیابی استدلال‌های منطقی واگویه, دستاورد زبانی, استدلال منطقی

مراجع
کتابنامه
پیش‌قدم، ر.، هاشمی، م. ر.، و حسامی ارانی، ش. (2012). تفکر انتقادی و ترجمه: بررسی ارتباط میان مهارت تفکر انتقادی و توانایی در ترجمه. مطالعات زبان و ترجمه، 44(4) 15-33.
شادلو، ف.، شهریاری، ح.، و قنسولی، ب. (1395). بررسی پیچیدگی دستوری در متون استدلالی زبان‌آموزان ایرانی از سه سطح مختلف توانش زبانی. مطالعات زبان و ترجمه، ۴۹(۴)، 61-75.

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ارجاع به مقاله
میرزائیس., مفتونپ., & بیرجندیپ. (2019). بررسی رابطه واگویه، استدلال منطقی و دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان ایرانی از طریق تحلیل مسیر. مطالعات زبان و ترجمه, 52(2). https://doi.org/10.22067/lts.v52i2.81212
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