صبا عظیمی شیده احمدزاده هروی


در سال‌های اخیر، شمار زیادی از تحقیقات ادبی به بررسی بدن در ادبیات پرداخته‌اند. اگرچه بررسی بازنمایی بدن در ادبیات امری نوظهور نیست، پیدایش شاخه‌ای جدید از مطالعات بدن در جامعه‌شناسی در دهۀ هشتاد میلادی، بر محبوبیت موضوع بدن در مطالعات ادبی تأثیر گذاشت و پژوهش‌های این حوزه را دستخوش تغییر کرد. در این تحقیق بر آن هستیم تا با بررسی مفهوم بدن در جامعه‌شناسی بدن و تبیین تفاوت رویکرد جدید به بدن با رویکردهای گذشته و معرفی مختصر مطالعات جامعه‌شناسانِ سرشناس این حوزۀ پژوهشی، تصویری کلی از مطالعات بدن در جامعه‌شناسی و ارتباط و تأثیر این مطالعات در تحقیقات ادبی به‌دست بدهیم.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

ادبیات, بدن زیسته, جامعه شناسی, خدتنانه, مطالعات بدن

Adelman, M., & Ruggi, L. (2015). The sociology of the body. Current Sociology, 64(6), 1–24.
Baker, G., & Morris, K. J. (1996). Descartes’ dualism. London, England: Routledge.
Blackman, L. (2008). The body: The key concepts. New York, NY: Berg.
Bourdieu, P. (2010). Distinction, a social critique of the judgement of taste. (R. Nice, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Butler, J. (1993). Bodies that matter: On the discursive limits of “sex”. New York, NY: Roudedge.
Butler, J. (2015). Senses of the subject. New York, NY: Fordham University Press.
Canning, K. (1999). The body as method? Reflections on the place of the body in gender. History, 11(3), 499–513.
Coakly, S. (Ed.). (2003). Religion and the body. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Cregan, K. (2012). Key concepts in body and society. Los Angeles, LA: Sage.
Derrida, J. (1991). Eating well,’or the calculation of the subject: An interview with Jacques Derrida. In E. Cadava, P. Connor, & J. Nancy (Eds.), Who comes after the subject (pp. 96–119). London, England: Routledge.
Descartes, R. (2000). Philosophical essays and correspondence. (R. Ariew, Ed.). Cambridge, England: Hackett.
Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison (A. Sheridan, Trans.). New York, NY: Vintage Books.
Fox, J. G. (2015). Marx, the body, and human nature. New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan.
Fox, N. J. (2005). Cultures of ageing in thailand and australia (What can an ageing body do?). Sociology, 39(3), 481–498.
Fox, N. J. (2012). The body: Key themes in health and social care. Cambridge, England: Polity Press.
Frank, A. W. (1990). Bringing bodies back in: A decade review. Theory, Culture and Society, 7(1), 131–162.
Fraser, M., & Greco, M. (Eds.). (2005). The body: A reader. London, England: Routledge.
Freud, S. (2010). Freud: Complete works (Ivan Smith, Ed.). Retrieved from https://www.valas.fr/IMG/pdf/Freud_Complete_Works.pdf
Freund, P. E. S. (2007). Bringing society into the body: Understanding socialized human nature. Theory and Society, 17(6), 839–864.
Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. (Q. Hoare & G. N. Smith, Eds.). New York, NY: International Publishers.
Hancock, P., Hughes, B., Jagger, E., Paterson, K., Russell, R., Tulle-Winton, E., & Tyler, M. (2000). The body, culture and society: An introduction. Philadelphia, PH: Open University Press.
Hillman, D., & Maude, U. (Eds.). (2015). The Cambridge companion to the body in literature. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Horne, J., Jarry, D., & Tomlinson, A. (Eds.). (2014). Sport, leisure and social relations (RLE Sports Studies). London, England: Routeledge.
Locke, J. (1823). The works of John Lock (12th ed., Vol. IV). London, England: Rivington.
Locke, J. (1995). An essay concerning human understanding. New York, NY: Prometheus Books.
Macherey, P. (2011). Hegel or Spinoza. (S. M. Ruddick, Trans.). London, NY: University of Minnesota Press.
Martin, E. (2001). The woman in the body: A cultural analysis of reproduction. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Mehta, N. (2011). Mind-body dualism: From a health perspective. Mens Sana Monographs, 9(1), 202–209.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1967). The structure of behavior (A. L. Fisher, Trans.). Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1968). The visible and the invisible : Followed by working notes (C. Lefort, Ed., A. Lingis, Trans.). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (2002). Phenomenology of perception (C. Smith, Trans.). London, England: Routledge.
Nietzsche, F. (2002). Friedrich nietzsche-beyond good and evil: Prelude to a philosophy of the future (R.-P. Horstmann & J. Norman, Eds., J. Norman, Trans.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
O’Neill, J. (2004). Five bodies: Re-figuring relationships (M. Featherstone, Ed.). London, England: Sage.
Osborne, T. (1997). Body amnesia: Comments on corporeality. In D. Owen (Ed.), Sociology after Postmodernism (pp. 188–204). London, England: Sage.
Russon, J. (2001). The self and its body in hegel’s phenomenology of spirit. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.
Shilling, C. (2003). The body and social theory (2nd ed.). London, England: Sage.
Shilling, C. (2008). Changing bodies: Habit, crisis and creativity. (Mike Featherstone, Ed.). Los Angeles, LA: Sage.
Svare, H. (2006). Body and practice in Kant. (R. Munk, Ed.). Dordrecht, Germany: Springer.
Turner, B. S. (1992). Regulating bodies: Essays in medical sociology. London, England: Routledge.
Turner, B. S. (2008). The body and society: Explorations in social theory. (M. Featherstone, Ed.). Los Angeles, LA: Sage.
Wacquant, L. (2004). Body and soul: Notebooks of an apprentice boxer. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Watson, S., & Jowers, P. (1997). Somatology: Sociology and the visceral. In D. Owen (Ed.), Sociology after postmodernism (pp. 173–187). London, England: Sage.
ارجاع به مقاله
عظیمیص., & احمدزاده هرویش. (2019). به‌سوی تعریفی تازه از بدن: تحلیل مسئلة بدن از فلسفه و جامعه‌شناسی تا ادبیات. مطالعات زبان و ترجمه, 51(4), 118-85. https://doi.org/10.22067/lts.v51i4.79732
نوع مقاله
مقالات علمی‌پژوهشی